Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani
Question: Does copyright contradict the fundamental right of valid ownership or possessing property with the full right of disposal (Haq ut-Tassaruf) of what you own.
Answer: In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
The answer to this argument is simple: copyright is intellectual property, not physical property. When you buy a book, CD, or other copyright material, you have purchased a physical copy of something that another owns the intellectual copyrights to. You have the ownership-based right to use this physical copy as you wish.
However, as the contemporary fuqaha explain, owning a something does not necessarily give you the right to make another copy of it. A simple example they give is money. If I have a US$100 bill, I have the ownership-based right to use it as I wish. However, I do not have the legal right to make “copies” of the US$100 bill, as most of us would reasonably agree.
The danger of breaking copyright laws is clear: you would be wronging others, and the Prophet (Allah bless him & give him peace) said, “Wrongs are darknesses on the Day of Judgement.” The warnings against wronging others are frequent in the Qur’an and Sunnah.
And Allah alone gives success.