Introduction to Arabic Grammar: The Ajrumiyya Explained: How Words Are Composed Into Sentences
The science of Arabic grammar (nahw) is the oldest and one of the most important of all the Islamic sciences. It began in the time of the Companions, when the mistakes of non-Arabian converts to Islam began adulterating the linguistic purity of the ancient Arabic language. The early grammarians preserved this ancient language through formal rules, thereby preserving our ability to understand the Qur’an and Sunna. Take this course to understand what Arabic grammar is, how it developed, its technical vocabulary, its most important questions, and how to use it to analyze the ancient Arabic language, which is the key to understanding the Qur’an, the Sunna, and all of the Islamic sciences. This course is taught in English but it is not a first-level course in Arabic grammar. Proficiency in the Arabic language and in its most important rules are a prerequisite for this course.
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This course is cross-listed in Step Two and Learn Arabic
This is an advanced course in the Learning Arabic curriculum
Students who register for this course must be able to: (a) conjugate verbs in each of their ten morphological forms; (b) identify the ism fāʿil, ism mafʿūl, ism tafḍīl, al-ṣifa al-mushabbaha, the ism ẓarf, ism āla, and the maṣdar; (c) know all important rules related to masculine, feminine, singular, dual, and plural nouns; (d) comfortably work with nominal sentences (jumla ismiyya), verbal sentences (jumla fiʿliyya), and conditional sentences (shart and jawab al-shart); and (e) use the Hans Wehr dictionary. Some Arabic vocabulary is also required.
This course is a key prerequisite for all courses in Steps Three and Four
What You'll Learn
Describe what the science of Arabic grammar is and how it developed
Organize the rules of the Arabic language into structured map (this is how the Ajrumiyya is written)
Explain the key terms and questions of the science of Arabic grammar
Recognize the rules of Arabic grammar at work in authentic uses of the ancient Arabic language
Use the rules of Arabic grammar to analyze the ancient Arabic language
LESSON 1 — Introduction and Categories of Speech
1. Introduction to the Ajurrūmiyya
2. Introduction to the Science of Arabic Grammar
3. The Categories of Speech
LESSON 2 — Signs of Iʿrab (1)
1. The ism, fiʿl, ḥarf, and their signs
3. The Types of Iʿrab
4. Signs of Rafʿ – the Ḍamma
5. Signs of Rafʿ – the Wāw
6. Signs of Rafʿ – the Alif
7. Signs of Rafʿ – the Nūn
LESSON 3 — Signs of Iʿrab (2)
1. Signs of Naṣb – the Fatḥa
2. Signs of Naṣb – the Alif
3. Signs of Naṣb – the Kasra
4. Signs of Naṣb – Yāʾ
5. Signs of Naṣb – the Omitting of the Nūn
6. Signs of khafḍ – the kasra
7. Signs of khafḍ – the yāʾ
8. Signs of khafḍ – the fatḥa
9. Signs of jazm – the sukūn
10. Signs of jazm – ḥadhf
LESSON 4 — Iʿrab of Verbs (1)
1. Iʿrab with vowels and letters
2. Verbs – The Command
4. Verbs – The Past-Tense Verb
5. Verbs – The Present Tense Verb
LESSON 5 — Iʿrab of Verbs (2)
1. Verbs – Agents of Naṣb
2. Verbs – Agents of Jazm
LESSON 6 — The Marfūʿāt (1)
1. The Marfūʿ Nouns
2. The Fāʿil
3. The Fāʿil al-Ẓāhir
4. The Fāʿil al-Muḍmar
LESSON 7 — The Marfūʿāt (2)
1. The Nāʾib Fāʿil
2. The Mubtadaʾ and the Khabar
3. The Types of Mubatadaʾ and Khabar
4. The Agents Which Affect the Mubtadaʾ and Khabar
This course is a detailed explaination of the Ajrumiyya (or, alternatively, the “Ajurrumiyya”). The Ajrumiyya is the most popular traditional primer in the science of Arabic grammar. Written seven hundred years ago by the Berber scholar and saint, Muhammad b. Muhammad al-Sinhaji (d. 723 AH / 1323 CE), it has been the foundation for studies in Arabic grammar for students of sacred knowledge all over the world. It has dozens of important commentaries and glosses and is popularly memorized, sometimes in its original prose-form and sometimes in one of its versified versions. The secret of its popularity is frequently ascribed to the sincerity of its author, who wrote it while sitting before the Ka‘ba. He tested his sincerity by casting it into the sea. Only when he saw it washed ashore with its writing intact did he begin teaching it to others. A translation of the Ajrumiyya is provided along with the course materials.
Registration Opens: September 17, 2018
Registration Closes: October 29, 2018Term Three Starts On: October 15, 2018Location: OnlineLength: 12 weeksPrice: FREEDepartment:Arabic
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About the Course Teachers
Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat
Shaykh Abdul-Rahim Reasat began his studies in Arabic Grammar and Morphology in 2005. After graduating with a degree in English and History he moved to Damascus in 2007 where, for 18 months, he studied with erudite scholars such as Shaykh Adnan Darwish, Shaykh Abdurrahman Arjan, Shaykh Hussain Darwish and Shaykh Muhammad Darwish.
In late 2008 he moved to Amman, Jordan, where he continued his studies for the next six years in Sacred Law (fiqh), legal theory (usul al-fiqh), theology, hadith methodology, hadith commentary, and Logic with teachers such as Dr. Ashraf Muneeb, Dr. Salah Abu’l-Hajj, Dr. Hamza al-Bakri, Shaykh Ahmad Hasanat, Dr. Mansur Abu Zina, and others. He was also given licences of mastery in the science of Qur’anic recital by Shakh Samir Jabir and Shaykh Yahya Qandil.
His true passion, however, arose in the presence of Shaykh Ali Hani, considered by many to be one of the foremost tafsir scholars of our time who provided him with the keys to the vast knowledge of the Quran. With Shaykh Ali, he was able to study an extensive curriculum of Qur’anic sciences, tafsir, Arabic grammar, and Arabic eloquence.
When he finally left Jordan for the UK in 2014, Shaykh Ali gave him his distinct blessing and still recommends students in the UK to seek out Shaykh Abdul-Rahim for Quranic studies. Since his return he has trained as a therapist and has helped a number of people overcome emotional and psychosomatic issues. He is a keen promoter of emotional and mental health.